The history of the South Australian Brewing company started in 1859 with the construction of the West End brewery by William Henry Clark. The brewery was situated at the Western end of Hindley Street, which then was the edge of the populated part of the city. Mr Clark quickly fell on hard times and was declared insolvent by 1860, he left Adelaide for Melbourne to avoid any court proceedings.

The brewery was then purchased by Mr William Knox Simms, Simms had previously been a business partner to Mr Clark at the Halifax Street Brewery. Mr Simms slowly grew the business and by the 1870’s the West End Brewery had grown to one of the largest and influential in South Australia.

Another large brewery in the 1870’s and 1880’s was the Kent Town Brewery which was built in 1876 by Sir Edwin Thomas Smith. The brewery was built to be the most technically advanced in the state. and by 1888 the two breweries had entered into discussions about an amalgamation, with the West End Brewery being used as the brew-house and the Kent Town Brewery used as a malt-house. The new business would also include spirit merchants Rounsevell and Simms.

The new company was named The South Australian Brewing, Malting & Wine & Spirits Company Ltd. One of the first major business decisions the new company made was to expand into Broken Hill by purchasing the Broken Hill Brewing Company in 1889. The Wine and Spirit part of the company was sold to A & F Tolley and Milne and co. in 1893 and the company name was changed to The South Australian Brewing Company Ltd.

The Laura and Port Augusta Breweries were purchased in 1893 with the Laura Brewery being closed soon after and the Port Augusta site ceased brewing beer in 1898, though the site was used for manufacturing softdrinks and cordials until the 1960’s. A new business opportunity arose in 1900 with the mines in Tarcoola, it was decided to open a new brewery in Tarcoola though this venture was not successful and the brewery was closed in 1903.

The Adelaide Brewery on Pirie Street was purchased and closed in 1902, with the three main Adelaide Brewery beers being continued to be brewed at SA Brewing.

In 1903 the brewery was the first in South Australia to install a lager brew plant, brewing König Lager Bier, mainly aimed to the German immigrants in the Adelaide Hills and Barossa Valley. The beer was fairly popular and was renamed in 1914 to Adelaide Lager due to the First World War.

By the end of the First World War the South Australian Brewery in Broken Hill had become the dominant brewery in the area when the West End Brewery in Broken Hill was purchased and closed.

With dropping profits after the war the brewery consolidated the brewing sites stopping brewing in Broken Hill in 1925. Also The South Australian Brewing Company had dropped in popularity by the 1920’s with the Walkerville Co-Operative Brewing Company in Southwark, becoming the dominant brewery in the state, and with the popularity of lager beer the Walkerville Brewery installed a Nathan Lager beer plant in 1928.

The great depression hit the local brewing industry pretty hard, and with the large investment the Walkerville Brewery made in the lager brew equipment made the company vulnerable. The South Australian Brewing Company took advantage of situation and they purchased the Walkerville Brewery in 1938, and renamed the brewery to the Nathan Brewery.

The South Australian Brewing Company continued to operate the old West End site as well as the new Southwark brewery site, and after ten years they Nathan Brewery was renamed to the Southwark Brewery. Production was slowly moved to the larger brewery in Southwark and in 1980’s the West End site was closed.

By the 1990’s the South Australian Brewing Company was the largest independent brewery in Australia, and the New Zealand company Lion Nathan who already owned Castlemaine Perkins, Swan and Tooheys purchased the brewery. After the acquisition most of the SA Brewing lines were discontinued, until by 2010 the only SA Brewing beers still brewed were West End Draught, Southwark Bitter and Southwark Old Stout.

The Brewery was closed in 2021 and all brewing moved to the eastern seaboard.

 

 

 

 


The South Australian Brewing, Malting & Wine & Spirits Company Ltd
The South Australian Brewing Company Pty Ltd
Nathan Brewery
Southwark Brewery

Brewery ID : 5.001.083

Established : 1888

Closed : 2021

The South Australian Brewing, Malting & Wine & Spirits Company Ltd
1888 to 1893
Hindley Street, Adelaide
The South Australian Brewing Company Ltd
1888 to 1993
Nathan Brewery
1938 to 1949
Winward Street, Southwark
Southwark Brewery
1949 to 2021
The South Australian Brewing Company Pty Ltd
Owned by Lion Nathan
1993 to 2021

SA Brewing - Broken Hill
1889 to 1925
SA Brewing - Laura
1893 to 1894
SA Brewing - Port Augusta
1893 to 1960
SA Brewing - Tarcoola
1900 to 1903

Brewery


Brewery c1888
B70989 State Library SA


The South Australian Brewing Co.
Broken Hill Brewery c1900

The South Australian Brewing Co.
Hindley Street c1930


The News, 8th March 1928


The News, 6th March 1928


The Advertiser, 15th December 1939


Advert 1958



The Sport, 3rd September 1940

Labels from the brewery

Southwark Labels   Broken Hill Labels
 
Guinness Labels   Port Augusta Labels
 
Bottle Caps   Beer Cans
 
     
 
5.001.083.001.0020
 
5.001.083.002.0010
c1890
 
c1893
 
5.001.083.003.0010
 
5.001.083.003.0020
c1993
 
1897
5.001.083.004.0010
1916
 
5.001.083.005.0020   5.001.083.005.0040
1924   1924
These labels were made for Jacka Bros in Melrose after the brewery was damged by a fire
5.001.083.006.0010
1902
Tiger Stout was a Adelaide Brewery beer that SA Brewing continued to brew after the brewery was purchased
 
5.001.083.007.0010   5.001.083.008.0010
1902   1914
Konig Lager Bier was renamed to Adelaide Lager Beer in 1914 due to the dislike of anything German during World War 1
5.001.083.009.0010
c1900
 
5.001.083.010.0010   5.001.083.010.0020
c1920   c1920
 
5.001.083.010.0030   5.001.083.010.0040
c1932   c1932
 
5.001.083.010.0050   5.001.083.010.0060
c1930   c1930
 
5.001.083.010.0070   5.001.083.011.0010
c1935   c1920
 
5.001.083.012.0010   5.001.083.012.0030
1940   c1948
 
5.001.083.013.0010   5.001.083.014.0010
1953   c1930
 
5.001.083.014.0030   5.001.083.015.0010
c1930   c1928
 
5.001.083.016.0010   5.001.083.016.0020
1960   1965
 
5.280.005.004.0010   5.280.005.005.0010
c1923   c1923
 
5.280.005.006.0010   5.370.001.001.0010
c1923   c1948
 
5.370.001.001.0020   5.370.001.002.0010
c1948   c1948
     
West End Bitter was the flagship beer for SA Brewing from 1900 to the 1980s
 
5.001.083.017.0010   5.001.083.017.0020
c1900   c1910
 
5.001.083.017.0030   5.001.083.017.0040
c1935   c1940
 
5.001.083.017.0050   5.001.083.017.0060
c1932   c1932
 
5.001.083.017.0100   5.001.083.017.0120
c1945   c1950
 
5.001.083.017.0130   5.001.083.017.0140
1954   1954
 
5.001.083.017.0150   5.001.083.017.0160
1961   1961
 
5.001.083.017.0170   5.001.083.017.0180
c1965   1972
 
5.001.083.017.0190   5.001.083.017.0200
1975   1979
West End Bitter was also exported to Broken Hill after the local brewery closed, from 1980 West End Export was also sold to the local market
 
5.001.083.018.0010   5.001.083.018.0020
c1930   c1935
 
5.001.083.018.0030   5.001.083.018.0040
1942   c1945
 
5.001.083.018.0050   5.001.083.018.0060
c1949   c1950
 
5.001.083.018.0070   5.001.083.018.0080
c1960   c1961
 
5.001.083.018.0090   5.001.083.018.0100
c1965   c1965
 
5.001.083.018.0110   5.001.083.018.0120
c1970   c1970
 
5.001.083.018.0130   5.001.083.018.0150
1972   1972
 
5.001.083.018.0170   5.001.083.018.0160
1975   1975
 
5.001.083.018.0190   5.001.083.018.0180
1979   1975
5.001.083.018.0200
1979
 
5.001.083.018.0210   5.001.083.018.0220
1980   1980
West End Draught became the flagship brand for SA Brewing in the 1980s
 
5.001.083.019.0010   5.001.083.019.0020
1969   1969
 
5.001.083.019.0040   5.001.083.019.0050
1972   1977
 
5.001.083.019.0080   5.001.083.019.0060
1978   1978
 
5.001.083.019.0100   5.001.083.019.0090
1979   1979